The Secret of Synchronization

Veritasium

Veritasium

6 mln. weergaven557

    How does order spontaneously arise out of chaos? This video is sponsored by Kiwico - go to www.kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any crate.
    An enormous thanks to Prof. Steven Strogatz - this video would not have been possible without him. Much of the script-writing was inspired and informed by his wonderful book Sync, and his 2004 TED talk. He is a giant in this field, and has literally written the book on chaos, complexity, and synchronization. It was hard to find a paper in this field that Steven (or one of his students) didn't contribute to. His Podcast "The Joy of X" is wonderful - please listen and subscribe wherever you get your podcasts www.quantamagazine.org/tag/the-joy-of-x
    Nicky Case's Amazing Firefly Interactive - ncase.me/fireflies
    Great Kuramoto Model Interactive - www.complexity-explorables.org/explorables/ride-my-kuramotocycle
    References:
    Strogatz, S. H. (2012). Sync: How order emerges from chaos in the universe, nature, and daily life. Hachette UK. - ve42.co/Sync
    Strogatz, S. H. (2000). From Kuramoto to Crawford: exploring the onset of synchronization in populations of coupled oscillators. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 143(1-4), 1-20. - ve42.co/Strogatz2000
    Goldsztein, G. H., Nadeau, A. N., & Strogatz, S. H. (2021). Synchronization of clocks and metronomes: A perturbation analysis based on multiple timescales. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 31(2), 023109. - ve42.co/Goldsztein
    The Broughton Suspension Bridge and the Resonance Disaster - ve42.co/Broughton
    Bennett, M., Schatz, M. F., Rockwood, H., & Wiesenfeld, K. (2002). Huygens's clocks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 458(2019), 563-579. - ve42.co/Bennett2002
    Pantaleone, J. (2002). Synchronization of metronomes. American Journal of Physics, 70(10), 992-1000. - ve42.co/Pantaleone2002
    Kuramoto, Y. (1975). Self-entrainment of a population of coupled non-linear oscillators. In International symposium on mathematical problems in theoretical physics (pp. 420-422). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. -- ve42.co/Kuramoto1975
    Great video by Minute Earth about Tidal Locking and the Moon - ve42.co/MinuteEarth
    Strogatz, S. H., Abrams, D. M., McRobie, A., Eckhardt, B., & Ott, E. (2005). Crowd synchrony on the Millennium Bridge. Nature, 438(7064), 43-44. - ve42.co/Strogatz2005
    Zhabotinsky, A. M. (2007). Belousov-zhabotinsky reaction. Scholarpedia, 2(9), 1435. - ve42.co/Zhabotinsky2007
    Flavio H Fenton et al. (2008) Cardiac arrhythmia. Scholarpedia, 3(7):1665. - ve42.co/Cardiac
    Cherry, E. M., & Fenton, F. H. (2008). Visualization of spiral and scroll waves in simulated and experimental cardiac tissue. New Journal of Physics, 10(12), 125016. - ve42.co/Cherry2008
    Tyson, J. J. (1994). What everyone should know about the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. In Frontiers in mathematical biology (pp. 569-587). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. - ve42.co/Tyson1994
    Winfree, A. T. (2001). The geometry of biological time (Vol. 12). Springer Science & Business Media. - ve42.co/Winfree2001
    Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Mac Malkawi, Oleksii Leonov, Michael Schneider, Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, fanime96, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal
    Written by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
    Animation by Fabio Albertelli and Jakub Misiek
    GFX and 3D animation by Jonny Hyman
    Filmed by Derek Muller and Raquel Nuno
    Edited by Derek Muller
    Additional video supplied by Getty Images
    Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci
    More footage from NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio
    100 metronome video from nlname.info/project/video/q63e1mrFobSka5c
    Intro animation by Jorge Cham
    Thanks for the BZ footage from SteinbockGroup: nlname.info/project/video/gYLUkqzWjqmwp6M and
    NileRed nlname.info/project/video/hISZzI_Xl5Frr4k
    Animation of waves in the heart from The Virtual Heart/ EM Cherry/ FH Fenton - ve42.co/Cardiac and ve42.co/Cherry2008
    Chemical materials and protocol provided by Mike Morris and the UCI Chemistry Outreach Program www.chem.uci.edu/~jsnowick/outreach/UCI_Outreach/index.html
    Thanks to Alie Ward for title/thumbnail consultation
    Thanks to Dr Juliette Becker and Dr James O'Donoghue for the planetary science help
    Music from Jonny Hyman, Epidemic Sound epidemicsound.com "Seaweed" "Deeper Than The Ocean" "Ripple Effect"
    Music also from Artlist artlist.com "Children of Mystery"
    Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci

    Gepubliceerd op 14 dagen geleden

    Reacties

    1. Victor van der Drift

      "The bridge had undergone a phase transition" ... How do I get excited about this sentence? 😂

    2. Isaac

      Really Great video. Would you do us a favor and talk about the safety of the radioactive water Japan is planning to dump into the ocean? Really really concerned

    3. Leo van den Brandt

      When you’ve read the HP books and realize just how awesome his YT name is...

    4. Oliver Barber

      “The whole is more than the sum of the parts” -19:19ish. I like to hear this. I believe we have souls and individuality. There’s a reason consciousness doesn’t make sense when it’s speculated upon from a perspective that omits the existence of God. We are who He made us and I am not you nor you me. I am who He says I am and science can only prove that. What power does the earth have above the Lord. Oh, how great He is that He should make this world and all of existence, which should strive for entropy, synchronize in ways specifically designed to support us. He didn’t make everything then decide to put us in it. He made all of existence just to have us and know us and that we may know Him!

    5. Bird Box

      its simple!

    6. Mr. Logician

      Matter can behave like this, but mind has different mechanisms, it can still swim accross the stream, even when whole world seems to be against one mind, mind can still keep moving in the direction of its will

    7. Nosho

      Gaining a better understanding of the wide range of effects of feedback loops and emergent behaviour is the next big leap for most sciences.

    8. Berika Beridze

      Very interesting video, thanks! And what about the synchronization in living organisms? For example, in Humans dance synchronization. Or is there any other exaples? Maybe in Birds on other mammals? Or even unicellular organisms 🤔

    9. Jason Spades

      This happens with my blinker when I'm at a red light.

    10. (¬̃ ‿¬̃)

      Full of ads 👎🏻

    11. festus ewere

      Nice video

    12. Briz KT

      A thought that occurred to me is where, if applicable at all, does the harmonic series (Sigma 1/n to infinity) come in? Nearly all, if not all, naturally occurring synchronizations can be mathematically represented via the harmonic series, from music, rotating bodies, and wave dynamics.

      1. Veritmasium

        Thanks for your comment

    13. Daryl Thomas

      So its proven, even God has OCD.

    14. Mullcrum the Sage

      Well it's simple really..the internal mechanism does it.

    15. Moop win

      Spiral energy is real gurren laggan did happen

    16. Samyak Kasliwal

      I wish I could work with a genius like you

    17. S4T1NSDAD

      the pendulum clock thing always happens with a indicator on a car

    18. Aesop De Moor

      theory is flawed from the start.

    19. Rwdphotos

      I was hoping it would go into more specifics how conservation of momentum might play a part.

    20. Aesop De Moor

      bla bla bla, big word jargon for pendulum and gyro effects Newtons cradle

    21. Aesop De Moor

      speed and rate of people stepping

    22. g

      Yo awesome video bro my friend Christian loves you so I love you too ❤️

    23. Pedro Hugo

      What if you put them perpendicular to eachother? Like, the object itself perpendicular to eachother on top of the platform.

    24. Thomas Jey

      This video does nothing to explain this phenomenon.

    25. Blue Marbel

      After quickly reading the channel name, I thought you were Reggie Middleton, the creator of the crypto currency Veritaseum. :-)

    26. Leoster Banzon

      Hi, is there a way I can send you an email about something i discovered from your previous video? I can't really stop thinking about it and I hope I can share it with you because I know how good you are at explaining things. It's all about space-time. And I think i have an idea that we never thought before.

    27. Artico

      Perfect!

    28. EnEm Gee

      When we don’t understand the synchronization, we call it chaos.

    29. bhasky

      Absolutely cracking video. I always had this question , when I read 2nd law of thermodynamics. Entropy always grows. Then there must be a fight between system getting destroyed over time and system maintaining itself .

    30. Andrew Pascal

      Prof. Steven Strogatz was absolutely amazing to listen to! I'm definitely grabbing a copy of his book.

    31. jack mann

      the most stunning part of this video is the quality can be set to 2160p 😦

      1. jack mann

        @DustyBc crypto News 😂😂😂 love your vids btw

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    32. Dworv

      2:25 SO SATISFYING OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO

    33. Nathaniel Miller

      watching the footage of the people crossing the bridge in these times reminded me how physically close we used to be to other people

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    34. Zqud

      I swear I see this with people's blinkers in turn lanes

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    35. kickinvideo333

      The dude on Zoom lives in an Ames Room😆

    36. JustJo

      We can't use psychologically/ biologically synchronizations of people and bugs as an analogy to physics.

    37. Ruby Gray

      Effect spoiled by using fake pendulum clocks

    38. Donaldo Olivier Pineda Ramos

      Hi I have a question. Why when we want to spin a can with liquid inside in the air it stops by itself?

    39. Глеб Жеглов

      Привет из России👋

    40. Lorenzo Bianchi

      This phenomenon can be used in analog synthesizers, or in digital imitations of the principle, to obtain the syncronized sound of different waveform, which give different results depending on the waveshape, the oscillation period, the phase and other parameters. It's amazing how things apparently so different can follow similar, simple rules.

    41. mik 02910

      Another example: In Football stadium, one fan begins a chant, then another joins, then another, then the whole crowd's singing. Same with the Mexican wave.

    42. Steven Koutstaal

      wow. an 'unprompted' experiment

    43. Banana god

      Thumbs up if you are really skeptical of the year 1656

    44. Dave Cooke

      I need to poop at the same time every morning, does that count?

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    45. Ping Pong

      why is Earth not locked to Sun like moon is locked to Earth?

    46. Donny Sandley

      Women who are around each other a lot their ministrations fluids will synchronize together 🧐

    47. Luc-Angelo Sean Nepomuceno

      Just amazing... I love this topic

    48. Written Dreams

      Your son!! How cute!!!

    49. Box Fox

      Energy creates energy? Objects in motion stays in motion. But law of energy states, it cannot be created or destroyed.

    50. Alexton rahdeeo

      16:16 funny how that would be obvious to any musician !

    51. Marc David Vardai

      I see my city, I upvote.

    52. Alexton rahdeeo

      10:00 i don’t think this is a sync ... it’s just something that is done after every show to call actors back on the scene .... Literally every I’ve been to or saw

    53. StormontMan

      The most annoying thing about you is ... that you were on NLname for 10 years before I discovered you!

    54. Rafael S.

      Best 20 minutes I've watch in a long time.

    55. żonk

      Everything just adjusts to universe's tick speed

    56. Charming nowhere to hide

      The clip where the audience was clapping and then when they all clapped in sync freaked me out. How beautiful nature is, man

    57. morbikdon

      mannnn hell of a video!

    58. Mister Murtad

      What if you started the metronomes on separate tables. Would they still pick up the syncho from the floor?

    59. LoudSilence

      If all humans sync their steps maybe we can push the Earth out of the Solar system.

      1. Charming nowhere to hide

        This is a cool science project omg

    60. George Solorio

      Add my Snapchat if your down like that!!!@ soloriogeorge82

    61. George Solorio

      Add my Snapchat if your down like that!!!@ soloriogeorge82

    62. dezertson2011

      Laan-juh-tood.

    63. Fordman

      I see those chemical waves when i close my eyes

    64. Fordman

      I see those chemical waves when i close my eyes

    65. WillBrink

      Seeing all those people crossing the bridge in step like that reminds of what lemmings humans are.

    66. Mike theBike

      🏍️ 'One would tick. One would talk.'

    67. Isaque Veríssimo

      ANOTHER GOOOD VIDEO

    68. L Stiltskin

      I think I have actually built a perpetual motion machine using pendulum motions and magnets. Well it's been going since the 4 days ago I've built it

    69. L Stiltskin

      Yippee science stuff xxx

    70. Andrew McGillivray

      would it work with drummer and bassist in my band?

    71. L Stiltskin

      I did the clock thing with the pendulum myself and have whipless that's in action I just thought I was going nuts and moving things with my mind

    72. Nick Diesal

      Im high asf this video almost exploded my brain

    73. Don Patterson

      air is the coupling between fireflies. The Vibration of the Coupling is what determines the speed at which actions Synchronize. Increase or decrease the Vibration of the Coupling or Medium and you will see the speed of Synchronization occur faster or slower. You can control this.

    74. richad warren

      This is a cool science project omg

    75. Jens Ludwigsburg

      super interessant! danke

    76. MrGilRoland

      When I listen to music inside my car, it’s only a matter of time until every pedestrian I look to, moves in sync with the music. Now explain this.

    77. random spacedude

      imagine breaking a bridge because your to synchronized

    78. Chadrach William

      The answer to the question not asked is, "Cosmic collective consciousness"

      1. Box Fox

        Yelp

    79. N D

      00:25 People with anxiety disorder: "AND EVEN WHAT!?"

    80. Inventor

      regarding the frequency of steps to make a bridge move. it's not only half and double the frequency, it's also the thirds. in other words 2=3 and viceversa, same what happens in triplets in music. 75 b.p.m = 100 bpm (3=2) and also the other fractions same as the nodes for harmonics in guitar string.

    81. Semisi Tuitupou

      Blinkers synch up for me too

    82. captain2212

      Is this how grasshoppers turn into locusts ?

    83. Michael D

      Any suggestions on where to find methods for determining/calculating the resonant frequency of a structure like a bridge? I'm not looking to learn all of civil engineering, but rather a short instructive video?

    84. Steven Verrall

      This is why the Universe is not governed by the laws of thermodynamics. As such, theories such as the Big Bang, Dark Energy, and Dark Matter are based on a foundation of flawed assumptions. The Universe is actually governed by plasma dynamics. Plasma researchers have long observed self-organizing systems. The Universe may actually have become more ordered with time. There may actually be a natural balance between plasma dynamics and thermodynamics where increasing order in one place is balanced by increasing disorder in another. In this sense, our Universe may be an eternal system. If humanity believes the Universe is an eternal system, we will finally be able to give up our harmful obsession with fatalism.

    85. Richard Levy

      Excellent video. I suspect predicting the behavior of individuals in response to economic factores might take a step forward using the principles illustrated in this video.

    86. Jehu McSpooran

      The funny thing with the clapping is that quite often the entertainer will get the audience to start clapping in time. Once the sync has started, the speed of the claps increases as the fervour grows until spontaneously the sync disappears and random clapping takes over. I've never seen it go from chaotic to synchronous.

    87. DVDwr

      Same thing happends when you lay with someone, like cuddling. Your breathing tend to synchronize naturaly

    88. DonBelial

      Why does this make me happy?

    89. Mark Pendragon

      *Penguingate* - Read all about it, the millennium's greatest scandal in synchronisation.

    90. Trebeh Odaglas

      This video was so cool!

    91. Marcfx

      Murmuration has the same action towards the other birds when flying together, their result is breathtaking...

    92. Nik's Sofa

      Trigger warning: Wrong animatied pendulum at 2:20

    93. Yak

      Subtitles are kinda meh.

    94. Paul Gibby

      Love your shows. Also the electro-music you use. Thanks.

    95. C V

      3:50 simple. its a bug.

    96. Contessa Adella

      I knew our moon was gravitationally locked to match Earth’s rotation....but not how! This vid explained it very well with its bulging moon diagram....Thank you!

    97. Mc Len

      for humans that think.. it's more of patterns and synchronization.. the moment we hear a patter we immediately pick it up and copy it..

    98. Ceijonius

      I didn't even know I was into science like this.😳 You made this topic very interesting to learn about! Thanks for teaching me something new today!🤓👍🏾☺️

    99. SomeOne

      Nobody: Scientists: hold my RGB water

    100. Sustainability, Whaaat?!

      Can this also be said for the Mexican Wave in soccer stadium?